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KaliLinux无线渗透测试入门指南第二章WLAN和固有的不安全性

作者:  发布日期:2016-11-01 19:52:55
  • 第二章 WLAN 和固有的不安全性

    ZUOZHE:Vivek Ramachandran, Cameron Buchanan

    YIZHE:FEILONG

    荣耀彩票代理XIEYI:CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

    简介

    荣耀彩票代理JIANZHUYUEGAO,DIJIJIUYAODADEYUESHEN。

    – TUOMASI·KANPEISI

    荣耀彩票代理MEIYOUSHENMEWEIDADEDONGXINENGZAICUIRUODEJICHUSHANGGOUJIAN。ZAIWOMENDEYUJINGZHONG,GUYOUDEBUANQUANXINGZHISHANGBUNENGGOUJIANCHUANQUAN。

    荣耀彩票代理WLAN ZAISHEJISHANGYONGYOUTEDINGDEBUANQUANXING,TAMENKEBEIQINGYILIYONG,LIRU,TONGGUOFENGBAOZHURU,YIJIXIUTAN(NENGGOUZAIHENYUANCHUJINXING)。WOMENHUIZAIZHEIYIZHANGLIYONGZHEIXIEQUEXIAN。

    2.1 回顾 WLAN 帧

    荣耀彩票代理YOUYUZHEIBENSHUCHULIWUXIANFANGMIANDEANQUAN,WOMENJIASHENIYIJINGDUIXIEYIHEFENGBAODETOUBUYOULEJIBENDELEJIE。MEIYOUDEHUA,HUOZHENILIKAIWUXIANYOUHENZHANGSHIJIANLE,XIANZAISHIGEHAOJIHUILAIHUIGUZHEIGEHUATI。

    荣耀彩票代理RANGWOMENXIANZAIKUAISUFUXIYIXIE WLAN DEJIBENGAINIAN,DADUOSHUNIKENENGYIJINGZHIDAOLE。ZAI WLAN ZHONG,TONGXINYIZHENDEFANGSHIJINXING,YIZHENHUIYONGYOUXIALIETOUBUJIEGOU:

    Frame ControlZIDUANBENSHENYONGYOUGENGFUZADEJIEGOU:

    LEIXINGZIDUANDINGYILEXIALIESANZHONG WLAN ZHEN:

    荣耀彩票代理GUANLIZHEN:GUANLIZHENFUZEWEIHUJIERUDIANHEWUXIANKEHUDUANZHIJIANDETONGXIN。GUANLIZHENYONGYOUXIALIEZILEIXING:

    验证 解除验证 关联请求 关联响应 重关联请求 重关联响应 解除关联 信标 探测请求 探测响应

    荣耀彩票代理KONGZHIZHEN:KONGZHIZHENFUZEQUEBAOSHUJUZAIJIERUDIANHEWUXIANKEHUDUANZHIJIANHELIJIAOHUAN。KONGZHIZHENYONGYOUXIALIEZILEIXING:

    请求发送(RTS) 清除发送(CTS) 确认(ACK)

    荣耀彩票代理SHUJUZHEN:SHUJUZHENXIEDAIZAIWUXIANWANGLUOSHANGFASONGDEZHENSHISHUJU。TAMEIYOUZILEIXING。

    荣耀彩票代理WOMENZAIZHIHOUDEZHANGJIEZHONGTAOLUNBUTONGGONGJIDESHIHOU,HUITAOLUNZHEIXIEZHENZHONGMEIYIZHONGDEANQUANYINHUAN。

    WOMENXIANZAIKANYIKANRUHESHIYONG Wireshark XIUTANWUXIANWANGLUOSHANGDEZHEIXIEZHEN。YEYOUQITAGONGJU – LIRU Airodump-NG,Tcpdump,HUOZHE Tshark – NITONGYANGKEYIYONGYUXIUTAN。WOMENZAIZHEIBENSHUZHONGDUOSHUQINGKUANGHUISHIYONG Wireshark,DANSHIWOMENTUIJIANNITANSUOQITAGONGJU。DIYIBUSHICHUANGJIANJIANKONGMOSHIDEJIEKOU。ZHEIHUIWEINIDESHIPEIQICHUANGJIANJIEKOU,SHIWOMENKEYIDUQUKONGYUZHONGDESUOYOUWUXIANZHEN,WULUNTAMENDEMUBIAOSHIBUSHIWOMEN。ZAIYOUXIANDESHIJIEZHONG,ZHEITONGCHANGJIAOZUOHUNHEMOSHI。

    实战时间 – 创建监控模式的接口

    荣耀彩票代理RANGWOMENXIANZAIJIANGWUXIANWANGKASHEWEIJIANKONGMOSHI。

    ZUNXUNXIALIEZHINANLAIKAISHI:

    QIDONG Kali BINGSHISHIPEIQIBAOCHILIANJIE。YIDANNIDAKAILEKONGZHITAI,SHURUiwconfigBINGQUEBAOWANGKABEIJIANCEDAO,QUDONGBEIZHENGQUEJIAZAI。

    荣耀彩票代理SHIYONGifconfig wlan1 upMINGLINGQIDONGWANGKA(QIZHONGwlan1SHINIDESHIPEIQI)。TONGGUOYUNXINGifconfig wlan1YANZHENGWANGKASHIFOUZHENGZAIYUNXING。NIYINGGAIZAISHUCHUDEDIERXINGKANDAODANCIUP,XIANGZHEIYANG:

    WEILEJIANGWANGKASHEWEIJIANKONGMOSHI,WOMENSHIYONGairmon-ng,TAZAI Kali ZHONGZIDAI。SHOUXIANZHIXINGairmon-ngMINGLINGLAIQUERENTAJIANCEDAOLEKEYONGDEWANGKA。NIYINGGAINENGKANDAOSHUCHUZHONGLIECHUDEwlan1JIEKOU:

    荣耀彩票代理XIANZAISHURUairmon-ng start wlan1MINGLINGLAICHUANGJIANDUIYINGwlan1SHEBEIDEJIANKONGMOSHIJIEKOU。XINDEJIANKONGMOSHIJIEKOUMINGWEImon0。(NIKEYIZAICIBUDAICANSHUSHIYONGairmon-ngLAIYANZHENG。)

    TONGYANG,YUNXINGifconfig mon0HUIZHANSHIJIAOZUOmon0DEXINJIEKOU。

    刚刚发生了什么?

    WOMENCHENGGONGCHUANGJIANLEJIAOZUOmon0DEJIANKONGMOSHIJIEKOU。ZHEIGEJIEKOUYONGYUXIUTANKONGYUZHONGDEWUXIANFENGBAO。ZHEIGEJIEKOUYIJINGZAIWOMENDEWUXIANSHIPEIQIZHONGCHUANGJIANLE。

    试一试 – 创建多个监控模式接口

    KEYICHUANGJIANDUOGEJIANKONGMOSHIDEJIEKOU,SHIYONGXIANGTONGDEWULIWANGKA。SHIYONG airmon-ng GONGJULAIKANKANRUHEWANCHENG。

    TAIBANGLE!WOMENYONGYOULEJIANKONGMOSHIJIEKOU,DENGDAICONGKONGYUZHONGDUQUYIXIEFENGBAO。SUOYIRANGWOMENKAISHIBA。

    XIAYIGELIANXIZHONG,WOMENHUISHIYONG Wireshark HEGANGGANGCHUANGJIANDEmon0JIANKONGQIMOSHIJIEKOU,CONGKONGYUZHONGXIUTANFENGBAO。

    实战时间 – 嗅探无线封包

    ZUNXUNXIALIEZHINANLAIKAISHI:

    QIDONGWOMENZAIDIYIZHANGZHONGPEIZHIHAODEJIERUDIANWireless Lab。

    荣耀彩票代理TONGGUOZAIKONGZHITAIZHONGJIANRUWireshark &LAIQIDONG Wireshark,YIDAN Wireshark YUNXING,FANGWENCapture | Interfaces。

    TONGGUODIANJIStartANNIUCONGmon0JIEKOUXUANZEFENGBAOBUHUO,XIANGJIETUZHONGNEIYANG。Wireshark HUIKAISHIBUHUO,XIANZAINIKEYIZAI Wireshark CHUANGKOUZHONGKANDAOFENGBAO。

    ZHEIXIEJIUSHINIDEWUXIANSHIPEIQICONGKONGYUZHONGXIUTANDAODEFENGBAO。WEILECHAKANRENHEFENGBAO,ZAISHANGMIANDECHUANGKOUZHONGXUANZETA,ZHONGJIANDECHUANGKOUZHONGHUIZHANSHIZHENGGEFENGBAO:

    DIANJIIEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN management frameQIANMIANDESANJIAOXINGLAIZHANKAIBINGCHAKANXIANGXIXINXI。

    GUANCHAFENGBAOZHONGBUTONGDETOUBUZIDUAN,BINGJIANGTAMENHEZHIQIANLEJIEDE WLAN ZHENLEIXINGYIJIZILEIXINGGUANLIAN。

    刚刚发生了什么?

    WOMENGANGGANGCONGKONGYUZHONGXIUTANLEDIYIZUFENGBAO。WOMENQIDONGLE Wireshark,TASHIYONGWOMENZHIQIANCHUANGJIANDEJIANKONGMOSHIJIEKOUmon0。TONGGUOCHAKAN Wireshark DEDIBUQUYU,NIYINGGAIZHUYIDAOFENGBAOBUHUODESUDUYIJIMUQIANWEIZHIBUHUODEFENGBAOSHULIANG。

    试一试 – 发现不同设备

    Wireshark 的记录有时会令人生畏,即使在构成合理的无线网络中,你也会嗅探到数千个封包。所以深入到我们感兴趣的封包十分重要。这可以通过使用 Wireshark 中的过滤器来完成。探索如何使用这些过滤器来识别记录中唯一的无线设备 – 接入点和无线客户端。

    RUGUONIBUNENGZUODAOTA,BUYAOZHEJI,TASHIWOMENXIAYIGEYAOXUEDEDONGXI。

    实战时间 – 查看管理、控制和数据帧

    XIANZAIWOMENXUEXIRUHESHIYONG WIreshark ZHONGDEGUOLVQILAICHAKANGUANLI、KONGZHIHESHUJUZHEN。

    QINGZHUBUZUNXUNXIALIEZHINAN:

    WEILECHAKANBUHUODEFENGBAOZHONGDESUOYOUGUANLIZHEN,ZAIGUOLVQICHUANGKOUZHONGSHURUGUOLVQIwlan.fc.type,BINGDIANJIApply。RUGUONIDASUANFANGZHIFENGBAOXIANGXIAGUNDONGGUOKUAI,NIKEYITINGZHIFENGBAOBUHUO。

    荣耀彩票代理WEILECHAKANKONGZHIZHEN,JIANGGUOLVQIBIAODASHIXIUGAIWEIwlan.fc.type == 1。

    荣耀彩票代理WEILECHAKANSHUJUZHEN,JIANGGUOLVQIBIAODASHIXIUGAIWEIwlan.fc.type == 2。

    WEILEEWAIXUANZEZILEIXING,SHIYONGwlan.fc.subtypeGUOLVQI。LIRU,YAOCHAKANSUOYOUGUANLIZHENZHONGDEXINBIAOZHEN,SHIYONGXIALIEGUOLVQI:

    (wlan.fc.type == 0) && (wlan.fc.subtype == 8)

    荣耀彩票代理ZUOWEITIDAI,NIKEYIZAIZHONGJIANDECHUANGKOUZHONGYOUJIRENHETOUBUZIDUAN,ZHIHOUXUANZEApply as Filter " SelectedLAISHIYONGGUOLVQI。

    荣耀彩票代理ZHEIHUIZIDONGWEINIZAIFilterZIDUANZHONGTIANJIAZHENGQUEDEGUOLVQIBIAODASHI。

    刚刚发生了什么?

    荣耀彩票代理WOMENGANGGANGXUEXILERUHEZAI Wireshark ZHONG,SHIYONGDUOZHONGGUOLVQIBIAODASHILAIGUOLVFENGBAO。ZHEIYOUZHUYUJIANKONGLAIZIWOMENGANXINGQUDESHEBEIDESUOXUANFENGBAO,ERBUSHICHANGSHIFENXIKONGYUZHONGDESUOYOUFENGBAO。

    TONGYANG,WOMENYEKEYIYICHUNWENBENCHAKANGUANLI、KONGZHIHESHUJUZHENDEFENGBAOTOUBU,TAMENBINGMEIYOUJIAMI。RENHEKEYIXIUTANFENGBAODERENDOUKEYIYUEDUZHEIXIETOUBU。YAOZHUYI,HEIKEYEKENENGXIUGAIRENHEZHEIXIEFENGBAOBINGZHONGXINFASONGTAMEN。XIEYIBINGBUNENGFANGZHIWANZHENGXINGHUOZHONGFANGGONGJI,ZHEIFEICHANGYIYUZUODAO。WOMENHUIZAIZHIHOUDEZHANGJIEZHONGKANDAOYIXIEZHEILEIGONGJI。

    试一试 – 玩转过滤器

    荣耀彩票代理NIKEYICHAYUE Wireshark DESHOUCELAILEJIEGENGDUOKEYONGDEGUOLVQIBIAODASHI,YIJIRUHESHIYONG。CHANGSHIWANZHUANDUOZHONGGUOLVQIZUHE,ZHIDAONIDUIYUSHENRUDAORENHEXIJIECENGJIDOUYONGYOUZIXIN,JISHIZAIHENDUOFENGBAOJILUZHONG。

    下个练习中,我们会勘察如何嗅探我们的接入点和无线客户端之间传输的数
    据封包。

    实战时间 – 嗅探我们网络上的封包

    这个练习中,我们会了解如何嗅探指定无线网络上的封包。出于简单性的原因,我们会查看任何没有加密的封包。

    ZUNXUNXIALIEZHINANLAIKAISHI:

    QIDONGWOMENMINGMINGWEIWireless LabDEWUXIANJIERUDIAN。RANGWOMENJIANGQIPEIZHIWEIBUJIAMI。

    WOMENSHOUXIANXUYAOXUNZHAOWireless LabYUNXINGZAINAGEPINDAOSHANG。WEILEWANCHENGTA,DAKAIZHONGDUANBINGZHIXINGairodump-ng --bssid <mac> mon0,QIZHONG<mac>SHIJIERUDIANDE MAC DIZHI。YUNXINGCHENGXU,BUJIUNIJIUHUIKANDAONIDEJIERUDIANXIANSHIZAIPINGMUSHANG,BINGDAIYOUSUOYUNXINGDEPINDAO。

    WOMENKEYICONGZHIQIANDEJIETUZHONGKANDAO,WOMENDEJIERUDIANWireless LabYUNXINGZAIPINDAO 11 SHANG。YAOZHUYIZHEIKENENGHENIDEJIERUDIANBUTONG。

    荣耀彩票代理WEILEXIUTANFAWANGHELAIZIZHEIGEJIERUDIANDEFENGBAO,WOMENXUYAOJIANGWUXIANWANGKASUODINGZAITONGYIPINDAOSHANG,YEJIUSHIPINDAO 11。WEILESHIXIANTA,ZHIXINGiwconfig mon0 channel 11ZHIHOUZHIXINGiwconfig mon0LAIYANZHENG。NIHUIKANDAOSHUCHUZHONGDEFrequency: 2.462 GHz。ZHEIXIANGDANGYUPINDAO 11。

    荣耀彩票代理XIANZAIQIDONG Wireshark,KAISHIXIUTANmon0JIEKOU。ZAI WIreshark KAISHIXIUTANZHIHOU,ZAIGUOLVQIQUYUSHURUwlan.bssid == <mac>LAISHIYONGJIERUDIAN BSSID DEGUOLVQI,XIANGXIAMIANDEJIETUZHEIYANG。WEINIDEJIERUDIANTIANXIEHESHIDE MAC DIZHI。

    WEILECHAKANJIERUDIANDESHUJUFENGBAO,TIANJIAXIALIEGUOLVQI:(wlan.bssid == <mac>) && (wlan.fc.type_subtype == 0x20)。ZAIKEHUDUANBIJIBENDAKAINIDELIULANQI,BINGSHURUJIERUDIANGUANLIJIEMIANDE URL。WOZHEILI,XIANGDIYIZHANGNEIYANG,TASHIhttp://192.168.0.1。ZHEIHUISHENGCHENGSHUJUFENGBAO,WIreshark HUIBUHUOTA。

    FENGBAOXIUTANYUNXUWOMENQINGYIFENXIWEIJIAMIDESHUJU。ZHEIJIUSHIWEISHENMEWOMENXUYAOZAIWUXIANZHONGSHIYONGJIAMIDEYUANYIN。

    刚刚发生了什么?

    WOMENGANGGANGSHIYONG WIreshark HEDUOZHONGGUOLVQIXIUTANLEKONGYUZHONGDESHUJU。YOUYUWOMENDEJIERUDIANBINGMEIYOUSHIYONGRENHEJIAMI,WOMENNENGGOUYICHUNWENBENKANDAOSUOYOUSHUJU。ZHEISHIZHONGDADEANQUANWENTI,YINWEIRUGUOSHIYONGLELEISI WIreshark DEXIUTANQI,RENHEZAIJIERUDIAN RF FANWEINEIDERENDOUKEYIKANDAOSUOYOUFENGBAO。

    试一试 – 分析数据封包

    SHIYONG WIreshark JINYIBUFENXISHUJUFENGBAO。NIHUIZHUYI DHCP QINGQIUYOUKEHUDUANSHENGCHENG,BINGQIERUGUO DHCP FUWUQIKEYONG,TAHUIFANHUIDIZHI。ZHIHOUNIHUIFAXIAN ARP FENGBAOHEQITAXIEYIDEFENGBAO。ZHEIYANGLAIBEIDONGFAXIANWUXIANWANGLUOSHANGDEZHUJISHIFENJIANDAN。NENGGOUKANDAOFENGBAOJILU,BINGZHONGGOUCHUWUXIANZHUJISHANGDEYINGYONGRUHEHEWANGLUODEQIYUBUFENTONGXINSHIFENZHONGYAO。Wireshark SUOTIGONGDEYOUQUDETEXINGZHIYI,JIUSHIGENZONGLIUDENENGLI。ZHEIYUNXUNIYIQICHAKANDUOGEFENGBAO,TAMENSHIXIANGTONGLIANJIEZHONGDE TCP SHUJUJIAOHUAN。

    荣耀彩票代理CIWAI,CHANGSHIDENGLUwww.gmail.comHEQITALIUXINGZHANDIANBINGFENXISHENGCHENGDESHUJULIULIANG。

    荣耀彩票代理WOMENHUIYANSHIRUHEXIANGWUXIANWANGLUOZHONGZHURUFENGBAO。

    实战时间 – 封包注入

    WOMENSHIYONG aireplay-ng GONGJULAIJINXINGZHEIGELIANXI,TAZAI Kali ZHONGZIDAI。

    ZUNXUNXIALIEZHINANLAIKAISHI:

    WEILEZHIXINGZHURUCESHI,SHOUXIANQIDONG Wireshark,BINGSHIYONGGUOLVQIBIAODASHI(wlan.bssid == <mac>) && !(wlan.fc.type_subtype == 0x08)。ZHEIHUIQUEBAOWOMENZHINENGKANDAOWOMENWUXIANWANGLUODEFEIXINBIAOZHEN。

    荣耀彩票代理XIANZAIZAIZHONGDUANZHONGZHIXINGMINGLINGaireplay-ng -9 -e Wireless Lab -a <mac> mon0。

    FANHUI Wireshark,NIHUIKANDAOPINGMUSHANGHUIXIANSHIDALIANGFENGBAO。YIXIEFENGBAOYIJINGYOUaireplay-ngFASONG,TAMENSHIWOMENFASONGDE,QITADESHIWireless LabJIERUDIANYONGYUXIANGYINGZHURUDEFENGBAO。

    刚刚发生了什么?

    WOMENGANGGANGSHIYONG aireplay-ng,CHENGGONGXIANGWOMENDECESHIHUANJINGWANGLUOZHURULEFENGBAO。YAOZHUYIWOMENDEWANGKAJIANGZHEIXIERENYIDEFENGBAOZHURUDAOWANGLUOZHONG,ERBUXUYAOZHENZHENGLIANJIEDAOWUXIANJIERUDIANWireless Lab。

    试一试 – 探索 Aireplay-ng 工具

    WOMENHUIZAIZHIHOUDEZHANGJIEZHONGXIANGXILEJIEFENGBAOZHURU。XIANZAIQINGTANSUOYIXIA Aireplay-ng GONGJUYONGYUZHURUFENGBAODEQITAXUANXIANG。NIKEYISHIYONG Wireshark JIANKONGKONGYULAIYANZHENGZHURUSHIFOUCHENGGONG。

    2.2 WLAN 嗅探和注入的重点笔记

    荣耀彩票代理WLAN TONGCHANGZAISANZHONGBUTONGPINLVFANWEINEIGONGZUO:2.4 GHz,3.6 GHz HE 4.9/5.0 GHz。BINGBUSHISUOYOU WIFI WANGKADOUQUANBUZHICHIZHEISANZHONGFANWEIHEXIANGGUANDEBODUAN。LIRU,Alfa WANGKAZHIZHICHI IEEE 802.11b/g。ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,ZHEIGEWANGKABUNENGCHULI 802.11a/n。ZHEILIDEGUANJIANSHIXIUTANHUOZHURUTEDINGBODUANDEFENGBAO。NIDE WIFI WANGKAXUYAOZHICHITA。

    荣耀彩票代理LINGYIGE WIFI DEYOUQUFANGMIANSHI,ZAIMEIGEZHEIXIEBODUANZHONG,DOUYOUDUOGEPINDAO。YAOZHUYINIDE WIFI WANGKAZAIMEIGESHIJIANDIANSHANGZHINENGWEIYUYIGEPINDAO。BUNENGJIANGWANGKAZAITONGYISHIJIANDIAOZHENGWEIDUOGEPINDAO。ZHEIJIUHAOBICHESHANGDESHOUYINJI。RENHEJIDINGSHIJIANNIZHINENGJIANGQIDIAOZHENGWEIYIGEKEYONGDEPINDAO。RUGUONIDASUANTINGDAOQITADEDONGXI,NIXUYAOXIUGAIPINDAO。WLAN XIUTANDEYUANZEXIANGTONG。ZHEIHUICHANSHENGYIGEHENZHONGYAODEJIELUN – WOMENBUNENGTONGSHIXIUTANSUOYOUPINDAO,WOMENZHINENGXUANZEWOMENGANXINGQUDEPINDAO。ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,RUGUOWOMENGANXINGQUDEJIERUDIANDEPINDAOSHI 1,WOMENXUYAOJIANGWANGKASHEZHIWEIPINDAO 1。

    荣耀彩票代理SUIRANWOMENZAISHANGMIANQIANGDIAOLE WLAN XIUTAN,ZHURUDEYUANZEYEXIANGTONG。WEILEXIANGTEDINGPINDAOZHURUFENGBAO,WOMENXUYAOJIANGWANGKADIAOZHENGWEITEDINGPINDAO。

    荣耀彩票代理RANGWOMENXIANZAIZUOYIXIELIANXI,SHEZHIWANGKALAIZHIDINGPINDAOHUOJINXINGPINDAOTIAOYUE,SHEZHIGUIFANYUYIJIGONGLVDENGJI,YIJIQITA。

    实战时间 – 使用适配器做实验

    ZIXIZUNXUNYIXIABUZHOU:

    SHURUiwconfig wlan0MINGLINGLAICHAKANWANGKADEGONGNENG。NIKEYIKANDAO,WOMENDESHIPEIQIKEYIGONGZUOZAI b、g HE n BODUANZHONG。

    WEILEJIANGWANGKASHEZHIWEITEDINGPINDAO,WOMENSHIYONGiwconfig mon0 channel XMINGLING。

    iwconfigMINGLINGJIBINGMEIYOUPINDAOTIAOYUEMOSHI。NIKEYIZAITASHANGMIANBIANXIEJIANDANDEJIAOBENLAISHIXIAN。YIGEJIANDANDEFANGSHIJIUSHIDAIXUANXIANGSHIYONG Airodump-NG LAITIAOYUERENHEPINDAO,HUOZHESHIMOUGEZIJI,HUOZHESHIYONGSUOXUANDEBODUAN。DANGWOMENZHIXINGairodump-ng --helpDESHIHOU,SUOYOUZHEIXIEXUANXIANGZHANSHIZAIXIAMIAN。

    刚刚发生了什么?

    WOMENZHIDAOLE,WUXIANXIUTANHEFENGBAOZHURUYILAIYUYINGJIANDEZHICHI。ZHEIJISHISHUOWOMENZHINENGCHULIWANGKAZHICHIDEBODUANHEPINDAO。CIWAI,WUXIANWANGKAMEICIZHINENGWEIYUYIGEPINDAO。ZHEISHUOMINGLEWOMENZHINENGYICIXIUTANHUOZHURUYIGEPINDAO。

    试一试 – 嗅探多个频道。如果你需要同时嗅探多个频道,你需要多个物理 WIFI 网卡。如果你可以获得额外的网卡,尝试同时嗅探多个频道。

    4.3 无线网络中规范域的作用

    荣耀彩票代理WIFI DEFUZAXINGDAOZHEILIBINGMEIYOUJIESHU。MEIGEGUOJIADOUYOUZIJIDEWEISHOUQUANDEPINPUFENPEICELVE。ZHEIGUIDINGLEYUNXUDEGONGLVDENGJIHEPINPUDEYONGHU。LIRU,FCC GUIDING,RUGUONIZAIMEIGUOSHIYONG WLAN,NIJIUBIXUZUNSHOUZHEIXIEGUIDING。ZAIYIXIEGUOJIA,BUZUNSHOUXIANGGUANGUIDINGHUISHOUDAOCHENGFA。

    XIANZAIRANGWOMENKANKANRUHEXUNZHAOMORENDEGUIFANSHEZHI,YIJIRUHEANXUXIUGAITAMEN。

    实战时间 – 使用适配器做实验

    ZIXIZUNXUNYIXIABUZHOU:

    ZHONGQIDEJISUANJIBINGBUYAOLIANJIEDAOSHIPEIQI。

    荣耀彩票代理DENGLUZHIHOU,SHIYONGtailMINGLINGJIANKONGNEIHEXINXI:

    荣耀彩票代理CHARUSHIPEIQI,NIHUIKANDAOXIANGZHEIYANGDEYIXIEDONGXI。ZHEIZHANSHILEWANGKASUOSHIYONGDEMORENGUIFANSHEZHI。

    RANGWOMENJIASHENIZAIMEIGUO。WEILEJIANGGUIFANYUXIUGAIWEI US,WOMENZAIXINDEZHONGDUANZHONGSHURUXIALIEMINGLINGiw reg set US。


    如果命令执行成功,我们会在终端得到这样的输出,其中我们正在监控/var/log/messages:

    荣耀彩票代理XIANZAICHANGSHIBAWANGKASHEZHIWEIPINDAO 11,TASHENGXIAOLE。DANSHIDANGNICHANGSHISHEZHIWEIPINDAO 12 SHIHOU,NIHUIDEDAOCUOWU。ZHEISHIYINWEIZAIMEIGUOBUNENGSHIYONGPINDAO 12。

    荣耀彩票代理GONGLVDENGJIYESHIYONGXIANGTONGDEYUANZE。US ZHIYUNXUZUIDA 27 dBm(500 HAOWA)。SUOYIJISHIWOMENDESHIPEIQIDEGONGLVWEI 1 WA(30 dBm),WOMENYEBUNENGJIANGQISHEZHIWEIZUIDACHUANSHUGONGLV:

    荣耀彩票代理DANSHI,RUGUOWOMENZAIBOLIWEIYA,WOMENJIUNENGGOUSHIYONG 1 WADECHUANSHUGONGLV,YINWEIZHEILIYUNXU。NIKEYIKANDAO,WOMENJIANGGUIFANYUSHEWEIBOLIWEIYA – iw reg set BO – WOMENJIUNENGJIANGWANGKAGONGLVSHEZHIWEI 30DMB HUO 1 WA。WOMENZAIBOLIWEIYASHIYONGPINDAO 12,ZHEIZAIMEIGUOSHIJINZHIDE。

    刚刚发生了什么?

    MEIGEGUOJIADOUYOUYONGYUWEISHOUQUANWUXIANBODUANDEZIJIDEGUIFAN。DANGWOMENJIANGGUIFANYUSHEZHIWEITEDINGGUOJIASHI,WOMENDEWANGKAHUIZUNXUNYUNXUDEPINDAOHEZHIDINGDEGONGLVDENGJI。DANSHI,XIUTANWANGKADEGUIFANYU,LAIQIANGZHITAGONGZUOZAIBUYUNXUDEPINDAOSHANG,YIJIZAIGAOYUYUNXUZHIDEGONGLVDENGJISHANGCHUANSHUSHUJUXIANGDANGRONGYI。

    试一试 – 探索规范域

    CHAKANNIKEYISHEZHIDEDUOZHONGCANSHU,LIRUPINDAO、GONGLV、GUIFANYU,YIJIQITA。ZAI Kali SHANGSHIYONGiwMINGLINGJI。ZHEIHUIRANGNISHENKELEJIEZAIBUTONGGUOJIADESHIHOURUHEPEIZHIWANGKA,YIJIXIUGAIWANGKASHEZHI。

    小测验 – WLAN 封包嗅探和注入

    荣耀彩票代理Q1 NAZHONGZHENLEIXINGFUZEZAI WLAN ZHONGDEYANZHENG?

    控制 管理 数据 QoS

    Q2 SHIYONG airmon-mg ZAI wlan0 SHANGCHUANGJIANDEDIERGEJIANKONGQIMOSHIJIEKOUDEMINGZISHISHENME?

    mon0 mon1 1mon monb

    荣耀彩票代理Q3 YONGYUZAI Wireshark ZHONGCHAKANFEIXINBIAODEGUOLVQIBIAODASHISHISHENME?

    !(wlan.fc.type_subtype == 0x08) wlan.fc.type_subtype == 0x08 (no beacon) Wlan.fc.type == 0x08

    总结

    荣耀彩票代理ZHEIYIZHANGZHONG,WOMENDUI WLAN XIEYIJINXINGLEYIXIEZHONGYAODEGUANCHA。

    GUANLI、KONGZHIHESHUJUZHENSHIWEIJIAMIDE,SUOYIJIANKONGKONGYUDERENKEYIQINGYIDUQU。YAOZHUYISHUJUFENGBAOZAIHEKEYISHIYONGJIAMILAIBAOHU,SHIQIGENGJIAJIMI。WOMENZAIXIAYIZHANGTAOLUNTAMEN。

    WOMENKEYITONGGUOJIANGWANGKASHEZHIWEIJIANKONGMOSHILAIXIUTANFUJINDEZHENGGEKONGYU。

    YOUYUGUANLIHEKONGZHIZHENMEIYOUWANZHENGXINGBAOHU,SHIYONGLIRU aireplay-ng DEGONGJUTONGGUOJIANKONGHUOZHAOJIUZHONGFANGTAMENLAIZHURUFENGBAOFEICHANGRONGYI。

    荣耀彩票代理WEIJIAMIDESHUJUFENGBAOYEKEYIBEIXIUGAIHEZHONGFANGDAOWANGLUOZHONG。RUGUOFENGBAOJIAMILE,WOMENRENGRANKEYIZHAOJIUZHONGFANGTAMEN,YINWEI WLAN SHEJISHANGBINGMEIYOUBAOHUFENGBAOZHONGFANG。

    荣耀彩票代理XIAYIZHANGZHONG,WOMENHUIKANYIKANYONGYU WLAN DEBUTONGYANZHENGJIZHI,LIRU MAC GUOLVHEGONGXIANGYANZHENG,YIJIQITA。BINGQIETONGGUOSHIJIDEYANSHILAILIJIEDUOZHONGANQUANQUEXIAN。

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